High jump is always one of the most awaited and thrilling events in the world of athletics, where athletes display their skills, strength, and agility in leaping over a high bar set at varying heights. Over the years, high jump techniques have evolved, and athletes have experimented with various methods to clear the bar. A sound strategy, consistent practice, and the right technique can help any athlete improve their jump. In this article, we will explore the best high jump techniques for athletes.
Dick Fosbury popularized the flopping technique which is now widely known as the Fosbury flop. The flop involves running diagonally towards the bar and jumping off one foot. The jumper then turns their body in the air by turning the hips before crossing the bar face down. Lastly, the jumper cleanly slides their legs over the bar and lands on their back. The Fosbury flip is the most commonly used technique in high jump, especially in elite competitions.
The scissors technique is considered an old-school method but still effective for beginners. It involves placing one foot in front of the other and then leaping over the bar with both feet. The technique is rather simple and easy to learn, but not efficient when it comes to clearing higher heights.
The eastern cut-off technique is also an old-school technique that is mainly used at the intermediate level. The jumper approaches the bar from a curved run-up and then plants their inner foot close to the bar before jumping over the bar with their outer leg. The technique demands a lot of precision, timing, and rhythm.
The straddle technique is also an older method used by athletes. The jumper approaches the bar from a straight run-up and then plants their foot close to the bar before leaping over it with their legs spread as far apart as possible. The jumper then rolls their hips and all their limbs across the bar, landing safely in the mat. The technique is regarded as one that requires the most energy and strength and is suitable for athletes with a more muscular physique.
The reverse-Fosbury flop is a less popular technique that entails approaching the bar in a straight run-up, jumping off both feet, facing the bar and then flipping the legs over the bar. It requires excellent timing, rhythm and the ability to stay calm under pressure.
In conclusion, the high jump is a test of an athlete’s power, strength, and agility, and selecting the right technique is crucial when trying to maximize performance. The techniques presented above have their distinct advantages and disadvantages, and athletes should choose one that suits their body type and skill level. Consistent practice, good coaching, and a lot of focus are essential in mastering the techniques presented above and reaching the top of the high jump rankings.